WHEREAS, The National Organization for Women has long supported reproductive freedom as a priority issue; and
WHEREAS, NOW believes that women should have compete authority over their reproductive lives; and
WHEREAS, reproductive freedom not only includes the ability to decide whether or when to bear children, but also the right to devise a birth plan with a medical provider of their choice in either a hospital or an alternative setting such as a freestanding birth center or private residence; and
WHEREAS, women have historically given birth with midwives; and
WHEREAS, the practice of midwifery has many benefits including lower costs, lower rates of premature births, higher rates of breastfeeding; and greater satisfaction with the birthing experience, and has been endorsed by The World Health Organization; and
WHEREAS, midwifery has a lower incidence of medical interventions during the birthing process, including routine episiotomies and cesarean sections; and
WHEREAS, women's access to midwifery and traditional birthing practices are many times limited by restrictive laws and non-coverage by private insurance companies and state-subsidized funding;
THEREFORE, BE IT RESLOVED that The National Organization for Women's policy statements, brochures and fact sheets on reproductive freedom shall include references to birthing choices, safe childbearing practices, midwifery; and
BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that NOW work in cooperation with state and national midwifery organizations to increase women's limited access to midwifery and community awareness of childbirth, pregnancy and early parenting choices.
Submitted by: The Health and Reproductive Rights Hearing of
The National Organization for Women National Conference,
Beverly Hills, CA July 3, 1999, Chair: Shiela Moore
Submitted by: Linda McCabe, Sonoma County N.O.W.
(with assistance from: Suzette Henderson, Ohio-NOW
and Cordelia Hanna and Mary Ceallaigh,
Midwifery Childbirth Awareness Project
of California Association of Midwives).